A clef is a stylized letter that is placed upon a staff to indicate which line is that letter. The three clefs used are G, F, and C. Since about 1750 the G- and F-clefs have assumed a standard position. The C-clef is still used on different lines for different instruments. It always identifies Middle C.

Beginners may find it easy to remember that the four spaces of the treble clef spell F-A-C-E and the five lines of the bass clef could stand for Good Boys Deserve Fun Always.

When staves are connected at the left end it means they are performed at the same time! Piano music has a separate staff for each hand. Usually the clefs are used as in this illustration but either clef may appear on either staff. This is done to avoid using too many ledger lines. Right Hand

Left Hand

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